An Autonomous Institution affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University (AISHE ID: C-36540) | A few seats are available for M.A. Tamil, M.A. English and M.Sc. Botany in aided stream. Applications can be obtained for the above programmes from the college office.

Green Initiatives

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The Perspective Plan of our college is shaped based on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – 2015. Green initiatives of our college are aimed at supporting the sustainable development of our nation through our humble contribution to that end. The following are the green initiatives of our college during the period 2017-22.

    1. Reduction in waste production and management of waste:

    • Ban on the use of single use plastic in the campus and canteen.
    • Optimal utilization of resources by creating centralized / shared facilities instead of creation of facilities with sub-optimal utilization by individual / units of the college.
    • Upgradation/ repair of existing equipment / computer instead of new purchase, if feasible.
    • Managing organic waste in-house with vermicomposting technique.

    2. Reduction of carbon footprint of the institution:

    • Installation of 25 KW Solar power plant in the institution-The college is currently sourcing 6.9% of its energy needs locally from clean energy sources.
    • Miyawaki forest, Glass house and Spirulina cultivation facility to offset the carbon footprint of the college.
    • LED and energy efficient / equipment for newer requirements.
    • Tree plantation in the campus.

    3. Periodic stock-taking, course correction and mitigation efforts:

    • Energy Audit, Green Audit and Environment Audit to take corrective measures for improving the carbon footprint of the institution.

    4. Creating awareness on sustainability issues through outreach activities.

Solar energy

A 25 kW Solar power plant with grid connectivity has been installed in the roof of 'K' Block as part of green energy initiative of the college. The college is currently sourcing 6.9% of its energy needs locally from renewable energy sources. Another 50 kW solar power plant is in the pipeline.

A 25 kW Solar power plant installed in the campus as part of green energy initiative of the college

Sensor-based energy conservation

Water tanks, fitted with float sensors and pumps fitted with timers help in reducing both water and energy wastage and ensure equitable water supply and distribution throughout the campus.

Use of LED Bulbs

Use of LED bulbs

The College is using CFL, LED and star rated power equipment etc. which consume lesser electricity and result in lesser energy utilization. The Madura College procures electrical equipment which have energy star rating as per Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) standard which ensure relatively lesser consumption of electricity. The College has installed the LED light in corridors for low consumption of energy and replace the old light systems.

Restricted entry of automobiles

As a Green initiative of the college, the college has decided to restrict entry of vehicle beyond the parking space situated at the entrance of the college. Hence, all personal vehicle / hired vehicles are allowed to enter up to the main building only, with the exception of vehicle for differently abled.

Parking area for Vehicles at the entrance

Barricade at the entrance of the college preventing entry of automobiles beyond the parking area to provide the students with unobstructive pedestrian passage.

Use of Tricycles in the campus

Intra-college logistics (such as movement of stationary, examination material, furniture etc.) are taken care using tricycles bought specifically for the purpose. Shifting of garbage for disposal is also done using tricycles.

Pedestrian Friendly pathways

Pedestrian friendly pathways have been paved using fly ash bricks blocks wherever necessary to facilitate easy movement. Barricades have been installed at the entrance of the college to prevent entry of automobiles beyond the parking area to provide the students with unobstructive pedestrian passage.

Pedestrian Friendly pathways

Ban on use of single-use plastic

Plastic waste has emerged as one of the biggest environmental concerns adversely impacting the soil, water, health and well-being of citizens at large. Government has decided to take plastic ban as a national level campaign to address the environmental hazards being and bring attitudinal changes that shun use of plastics as the educational institutions have the unique spread and influence to educate the students and households on the need for avoiding usage of plastics. Therefore the college has decided to promote the use of multi-use utensils made of glass, steel, aluminium etc., instead of single-use plastic items inside the college premises.

Usage of Stainless steel (preventing single use plastic use) Tumbler in college campus

Hoardings at prominent places banning the usage of single-use plastics

Hoardings for plastic free campus

Landscaping with trees and plants

Landscaping with trees and plants
Miyawaki forest at various stages of its development

Energy Audit

Academic Year Report
2020-21 View
2021-22 View

Environmental Audit

Academic Year Report
2020-21 View
2021-22 View

Green Audit

Academic Year Report
2020-21 View
2021-22 View

Miyawaki Forest Zone

Forest cover is being reduced at an alarming rate. Century old trees are being brought down in few hours. This loss is irreversible. In countries like India that are highly vulnerable to climate breakdown, forests are an integral element towards mitigation. Tree cover of almost 1.6 million hectares was lost between 2001 and 2018 in India - nearly four times the geographical area of Goa, according to a study released by the World Resources Institute. But there is a solution to bring back the lost green cover quickly. Miyawaki is a technique pioneered by the Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki for urban afforestation. Under this technique various native species of plants are planted close to each other, which ensures their growth upwards is rapid by receiving sunlight from the top. The approach is supposed to ensure that plant growth is 10 times faster and the resulting plantation is 30 times denser than usual.

The Management of The Madura College jointly with Rotary Club (West) have planted 5500 samples of 110 varieties. The Rotary Club (West) trust contributed 3.5 lakh for this forest and supported the institution for the soil test, regulating the land, procuring the samples and planting it. The forest will be spread out on an area of one acre adjacent to TVS Block and act as green-lung for the region. It will help in promoting the local biodiversity to sustain by planting native species of flora which would also harbor the native fauna. Miyawaki forest is answer to cities which are turning to concrete jungles. Small patch of forests in multiple locations within the city will act as carbon sink for the city.

Student engagement is also an important aspect of this project as workshops will be conducted to train them on soil amendment and the Miyawaki method of plantation. The maintenance and monitoring of the forest will also be done by the students and college staff.

Sl.No Common Name Botanical Name Family
1. Toothed leaf limonia Naringi crenulata Rutaceae
2. Rubber vine Cryptostegia grandiflora Apocynaceae
3. Fish-killer tree Barringtonia racemosa Lecythidaceae
4. Water apple Syzygium samarangense Myrtaceae
5. Asoka tree Saraca asoca Caesalpiniaceae
6. Peanut butter fruit Bunchosia argentea Malpighiaceae
7. Pomegranate Punica granatum Lythraceae
8. Firebush Hamelia patens Rubiaceae
9. Rudraksham Elaeocarpus angustifolius Elaeocarpaceae
10. Indian Ash tree Lannea coromandelica Anacardiaceae
11. Lasora Cordia dichotoma Cordiaceae
12. Red fig Ficus carica Moraceae
13. Blue Jacaranda Jacaranda mimosifolia Bignoniaceae
14. Black portia Thespesia populnea Malvaceae
15. Common Mallow Thespesia lampas Malvaceae
16. Sea grape Coccoloba uvifera Polygonaceae
17. Conocarpus Conocarpus erectus Combretaceae
18. Beggars bowl Crescentia alata Bignoniaceae
19. Ficus Ficus aurata Moraceae
20. Travelers’s palm Ravinala madagascariensis Musaceae
21. Milkwood Alstonia macrophylla Apocynaceae
22. Child-life tree Putranjiva roxburghii Putranjivaceae
23. Divi divi Caesalpinia coriarea Caesalpiniaceae
24. Kaim Mitragyna parvifolia Rubiaceae
25. Gian crepe-myrtle Lagerstroemia speciosa Lythraceae
26. Rosy trumpet tree Tabebuia rosea Bignoniaceae
27. Sappan wood Beancaea sappan Mimosaceae
28. African Locust tree Parkia biglandulosa Mimosaceae
29. Turkey Berry Solanum torvum Solanaceae
30. Beach Gardenia Guettarda speciosa Rubiaceae
31. Indan Aloewood Aquilaria malaccensis Thymelaeaceae
32. Mexican Lilac Gliricidia sepium Fabaceae
33. Terminalia metaly Terminalia metallica Combretaceae
34. Dyer’s oleander Wrightia tinctoria Apocynaceae
35. Yellow oleander Cascabela thevetia Apocynaceae
36. Ghaf tree Prosopis cinerea Mimosaceae
37. West Indian Cherry Malpighia glabra Malpighiaceae
38. West Indian pea Sesbania grandiflora Fabaceae
39. Indian Elm tree Holoptelea integrifolia Ulmaceae
40. Areca nut Areca catechu Arecaceae
41. Bamboo Bambusa arundinacea Poaceae
42. Silk cotton tree Ceiba pentandra Malvaceae
43. Beechwood Gmelina arborea Verbenaceae
44. Mahogany Swietenia macrophylla Meliaceae
45. Malabar Neem Melia dubia Meliaceae
46. Arjun tree Terminalia arjuna Combretaceae
47. Indian Siris Albizia lebbeck Mimosaceae
48. Indian Mast tree Monoon longifolium Annonaceae
49. Rosewood Dalbergia latifolia Fabaceae
50. Silver oak Grevillea robusta Proteaceae
51. Paradise tree Simarouba glauca Simaroubaceae
52. Teak Tectona grandis Verbenaceae
53. Belliric Myrobalan Terminalia bellirica Combretaceae
54. Andaman redwood Pterocarpus marsupium Fabaceae
55. Sisso Dalbergia sissoo Fabaceae
56. Jamun tree Syzygium cuminii Myrtaceae
57. Red sanders Pterocarpus santalinus Myrtaceae
58. African mahogany Khaya senegalensis Meliaceae
59. Big silk cotton Bombox ceiba Malvaceae
60. Cinnamon Cinnamomum malabatrum Lauraceae
61. Prickly custard apple Annona muricata Annonaceae
62. Flame of the forest Butea monosperma Fabaceae
63. Gulmohar Delonix regia Caesalpiniaceae
64. Cashew Anacardium occidentale Anacardiaceae
65. Green Champa Artabotrys hexapetalus Annonaceae
66. Black pepper Piper nigrum Piperaceae
67. Ebony wood Diopyros ebenum Ebenaceae
68. Pink shower Cassia javanica Caesalpiniaceae
69. Cherry Prunus avium Rosaceae
70. Indian butter tree Madhuca longifolia Sapotaceae
71. Spanish cherry Mimusops elengi Sapotaceae
72. Orchid tree Bauhinia variegata Caesapliniaceae
73. Indian Coral tree Erythrina grandiflora Fabaceae
74. Cannonball tree Gouropita guianensis Lecythidaceae
75. Indian cork tree Millingtonia hortensis Bignoniaceae
76. Indian beech tree Pongamia pinnata Fabaceae
77. Alexandrian laural Calophyllum inophyllum Calophyllaceae
78. Golden shower Cassia fistula Caesalpiniaceae
79. Champak tree Magnolia champaca Magnoliaceae
80. Yellow flame tree Peltophorum pterocarpum Caesalpiniaceae
81. Rain tree Samanea saman Mimosaceae
82. African Tulip tree Spathodea campanulata Bignoniaceae
83. Sacred Fig tree Ficus religiosa Moraceae
84. Cluster Fig Ficus racemosa Moraceae
85. Banyan Ficus benghalensis Moraceae
86. Curry leaf Murraya koenigii Rutaceae
87. Common jujube Zizhiphus jujuba Rhamnaceae
88. Guava Psidium guajava Myrtaceae
89. Jack fruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae
90. Madras thorn Pithecellobium dulce Mimosaceae
91. Mango Mangifera indica Anacardiaceae
92. Neem Azadirachta indica Meliaceae
93. Indian Mulberry Morinda citrifolia Rubiaceae
94. Ceylon wood Manilkara hexandra Sapotaceae
95. Sandal wood Santalum album Santalaceae
96. Sapodilla Manilkara zapota Sapotaceae
97. Custard apple Annona squamosa Annonaceae
98. Singapore Cherry Muntingia calabura Malvaceae
99. Tamarind Tamarindus indica Caesalpiniaceae
100. Wood apple Limonia acidissima Rutaceae
101. Stone apple Aegle marmelos Rutaceae
102. Indian Almond Terminalia catappa Combretaceae
103. Hairy Fig Ficus hispida Moraceae
104. Star gooseberry Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthaceae
105. Indian gooseberry Phyllanthus emblica Phyllanthaceae
106. Acid lime Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae
107. Henna tree Lawsonia inermis Lythraceae
108. Chinese Chaste Vitex negundo Verbenaceae
109. Tree of sadness Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Oleaceae
110. Charcoal tree Trema orientalis Cannabaceae

Spirulina Cultivation

Background Information

Spirulina is derived from the Latin word "spiral". Spirulina is a microalgae plankton vegetable food which is both ancient and new. It has recently been receiving much attention as a health food which has a high nutritive value and has been well tested in Japan for its medical benefits. It has been utilized as an everyday food in both Mexico and Africa since ancient times and with the modernization of the food industry it is today being added daily to foods such as cheese, soup, seaweed (nor), ice cream, chocolate, and grains. In particular the Mexican government in 1973 approved and licensed Spirulina through the equivalent of its FDA as an edible foodstuff after testing it for palatability and toxicity and recommending it for daily use in the home. Moreover, in France, palatability tests are now being conducted along with other efforts to give Spirulina its place in modern food processing.

The cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis can be cultivated autotrophically for the production of biomass with high protein content. Technologically it exhibits advantages in the methods of cultivation. Among these, the capability to grow under alkaline and highly salty conditions is an important factor in the prevention of external contamination, while the easy separation of biomass from the cultivation medium, because of its spiral form and large size, reduces the costs of its recovery.

Spirulina requires less energy input per kilo than soy, corn or beef, including solar and generated energy. Its energy efficiency is 5 times higher than soy, 2 times higher than corn, and over 100 times higher than grain-fed beef.

Composition of Spirulina

Spirulina is very high in protein, very low in calories and cholesterol, and high in minerals (iron, calcium, sodium and magnesium), and phenolic acids, which have antioxidant properties. It is a complete protein source since it contains almost all the essential amino acids (the ones we cannot synthesize by ourselves), though with reduced amounts of methionine, cysteine, and lysine when compared to the proteins of meat, eggs, and milk. It is, however, superior to typical plant protein, such as that from legumes. It offers good digestibility and a low nucleic acid concentration (smaller that 5%).Besides, it contains vitamins A, B, C, E, and K, polyunsaturated fatty acids, carotenoids, and other antioxidants.

Spirulina Cultivation Unit in the Madura College

Spirulina Cultivation Unit in the Madura College was funded by Madura College Board and maintained by The Department of Biotechnology. Three tanks were constructed. The tank 1 was first inoculated on 24th March 2022. The mother inoculum of Spirulina platentis was received from S S Biotech, Andarkottaram with which MoU was signed. The students of the

Biotechnology department are trained to maintain the culture, right from the media preparation, maintaining the culture, harvest and preserving the biomass. III B.Sc., students on a turn duty maintain the culture. On 01.04.2022 the production media was added to the tank 1 based on the wet biomass. Subsequently the 2nd and 3rd tank were inoculated and maintained. The students also monitor the pH of the culture and maintain it at pH 9.5 to 10.5.

Fig.1. Preparation of Zarrouk’s media by the students in the Tank-1
Fig.2: Inoculation of mother inoculum into the Tank-1 by UG Biotechnology students
Fig.3: Fully grown Spirulina
Fig.4. Harvesting of Spirulina by students
Fig.5. Powdered Spirulina
Awareness program

To create an awareness among the students that Spirulina is edible and could be taken as a supplement or be added to any food in small quantity. Mushroom soup was prepared, sprinkled with Spirulina powder and served to all the students.

Soup sprinkled with Spirulina

Upon continuous maintenance of the tank the students, faced many challenges to maintain the culture. The challenges were both biotic and abiotic factors. The factors such as rainfall and acute summer drastically reduced the yield. The biotic challenges are rodents, and insects. To control the mosquito breeding, a wooden frame with a net was set. Every day in the evening the tank is closed with the net.

Environmental Benefits

Among the different strategies for mitigating CO2, biological CO2 mitigation through microalgae has recently received considerable attention due to their higher CO2 fixation capability and bioactive substances contained in their biomass. Spirulina being a photosynthetic organism are potent CO2 fixers.

Future Prospect
  • Has to check the quality of Spirulina as food supplement.
  • To motivate students to undertake projects with Spirulina – anti bacterial , anti- oxidant etc.
  • To organise extension activities – to conduct workshops to students of other departments and other SHG women.

Glass (green) House

Department of botany has been blessed with Glass house by the full funding, approximately @ cost of Rs. 12 Lakhs, of Madura College Board. The dimension of the Glass House (GH) is 34 X 15 X 10 foot as length, breath and height respectively. Inside the GH, a cool chamber with bamboo sticks have been built (6 X 6 X 8). In addition to these, platforms are made using black stone-slabs.

This wonderful facility has its own speciality in providing conditioned environment to grow plants of various diversity ranging from Algae to Angisoperms. Drastic reduction of temperature, regulated airflow and filtered light prevailing inside this chamber, help both faculty and students to grow different aspects of crops of interest.

Further, pathological, physiological and breeding studies, culturing of mushrooms etc., can also be effectively carried out using this GH.

Plants growing in different climatic conditions, particularly temperate plants, can be maintained without much recurring expenditure in this GH. Thus, this GH acts as a green energy house too.

It is a space ought to be created, maintained and utilized by Botany Departments and hence this facility will be of use to all stakeholders who are interested in the explorations of plants.

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Arrangements Inside the Glass House
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Provisions to create misty atmosphere
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Explaining to the students